Concessions on Japanese beef import tariffs agreed in a free
trade agreement between Tokyo and Canberra will, in cutting the appeal of US
supplies, drive Australian cattle prices to a record high.
Australia & New Zealand Bank forecast that the eastern
young cattle indicator, Australia's benchmark price index, would average 460 Australian
dollar cents a kilogramme in the first half of next year, "a 30% increase from
current undervalued levels".
It also implies the current record of 426.75 Australian dollar
cents a kilogramme, set in December 2011, being easily surpassed.
The price rise will be fuelled by the impact of Monday's free
trade deal in reversing the decline in Australia's take of Japan's large beef
import market, of which the US has gained a bigger proportion since the lifting
of curbs imposed in 2003 following the discovery of mad cow disease, or BSE.
Australia vs US
Indeed, the successive lifting of curbs on US beef has
allowed the US, as of 2013, to rebuild a 35% share of purchases by Japan, the
world's second-ranked net importer of the protein.
Japan has, meanwhile, been by far the weakest of Australia's
major beef export markets, with volumes falling in the first two months of 2014,
contrasting with year-on-year growth of 42% to China, 31% to South Korea and
21% to Indonesia.
"Competition has intensified with the US in the last 12
months," ANZ analyst Paul Deane said.
However, the free trade agreement "will provide a key price
advantage for Australian beef", in cutting the Japanese import tariff on fresh
beef to 10 percentage points below that on US supplies as of the end of the
second year of the deal.
The tariff on Australian frozen beef will be 7 points below
that on imports from the US.
Assuming the agreement is implemented next year, "the
preferential tariff rates should provide a boost to Australian beef prices in
2015", exacerbating potential support to values from an elevated global market
and from the impact of a likely return to wetter Australian weather.
In improving pasture condition, rains would encourage
ranchers to restock, reversing the slaughter spree encouraged by the recent dry
"Combined, these factors should see Australian beef prices
dramatically outperform over the next 12 months," lifting cattle values too, Mr
Australian cattle prices have in fact proved a notable
underperformer since 2006, rising by less than 1% a year, and falling in real
terms, compared with annual rises of 4% in sugar values, 6% in wool, and 9% in
wheat and lamb prices.
The comments come as the US, with Australia, Japan and nine other countries, is negotiating a more wide-ranging trade deal, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, set to cover areas including agriculture, but over which Washington and Tokyo negotiators appear to have reached deadlock.
They also contrast with a more muted response from some
parts of Australia's beef sector, including the Cattle Council of Australia,
which said it was "disappointed" that "substantial tariffs" would still remain
The deal will, for Australian supplies, cut Japan's standard
beef import tariff from 38.5% to 30.5%
for frozen beef and 32.5% for chilled beef in the first year, with a succession
of smaller annual cuts then taking the duties to a floor of 19.5% and 23.5%
Some Australian dairy, seafood and wine products are also
included in the deal, which for Japan will see a 5% tariff on Australian
imports of cars and manufactured goods removed.
Australia's National Farmers Federation warned that the deal
"does not improve – or marginally improves – market access and terms of trade
for a number of sectors such as dairy, sugar, grains, pork and rice".
'Right to be angry'
And the Australian Sugar Industry Alliance said the country's
sugar sector "has a right to be angry" over gaining only minimal concessions
from the free trade deal.
"There is absolutely no reason why the 1.5m tonnes of sugar
imported by Japan every year should not come from the most competitive world
player," rather than from, mainly, Thailand, the group said.
"Australia's access to the Japanese sugar market has been in
decline from 900,000 tonnes 20 years ago to just 350,000 tonnes this year."