Cargill highlighted the contributions from an investment drive fuelled by the proceeds of the sale of its Mosaic stake as it unveiled an upbeat end to a difficult year, with a five-fold rise in quarterly profits.
The group - the world's biggest agricultural trader by volume, and one of the largest privately-held companies – reported earnings of $483m for the March-to-May period, up from $73m a year before.
Revenues rose 4% to $35.4m.
The result took earnings for the full fiscal year to $2.31bn, a jump of 97% year on year, despite difficulties posed by drought damage to US crops which, as Archer Daniels Midland highlighted on Tuesday, threw up a range of market dislocations.
Greg Page, the Cargill chairman and chief executive, said: "We drew on our sourcing, logistical and risk management skills to navigate volatile commodity markets in the first half that were driven by severe weather."
However, he also highlighted benefits from an investment spree which has been particularly evident since early 2011, when fertilizer group Mosaic was separated Cargill in a deal which increased the trading house's firepower for deals.
"We invested in assets that expand Cargill's global reach and capabilities, and that support our customers as they seek to grow in new markets," Mr Page said.
In agricultural services, the integration of Provimi, bought for E1.5bn last year, had "accelerated earnings growth in global animal nutrition", Cargill said.
"The combined expertise in nutrition, premixes and compound feeds made it possible to reach more customers with solutions that helped them address difficult feeding economics."
The group has some $2.6bn of projects either under construction or near completion, ranging from poultry processing facilities in China and Russia to a project, expected to finish early next year, raising cocoa grinding capacity at a Brazilian plant.
Earlier this week, Cargill revealed the purchase from Glencore of Joe White Maltings, the largest malt group in Australia, a move which will promote the group to the top rank in the industry, with Malteurop and Soufflet.
Winners and losers
The Provimi contribution helped Cargill's agriculture services division raise earnings in both the latest quarter and the full year, despite a hit to US farm retail takings form the "cold, wet spring in the US Midwest, which delayed plantings and input purchases".
However, the origination and processing division proved "the largest contributor" to group profits, helped by the return to normal conditions in the cotton market, whose volatility the year before sent contract defaults soaring across the industry, and by exploiting grain market hiccups.
"The segment drew on Cargill's global footprint and strengths in market analysis, logistics and risk management to overcome the supply challenges caused by weather disruptions and tight stocks, serving customers reliably," the group said.
In food ingredients, a strong performance in cocoa, sweeteners and starches helped Cargill offset a drop in earnings from livestock operations, which struggled with "the negative impacts of drought, high feed costs and, in the US, the tightest cattle supply in 60 years", prompting the closure of a Texas beef plant.