The condition of US winter wheat seedlings may yet worsen
still after declining again last month thanks to unusually cold weather, commentators
including US agriculture big shot Joseph Glauber said.
The US Department of Agriculture overnight revealed further
deterioration in domestic winter wheat, including in the top producing state,
Kansas, where the proportion of crop rated "good" or "excellent" eased one
point month on month to 34%.
While above the 23% figure at the end of February last year,
and representing a sharp slowdown from the decline reported for January, the
reading is below the average of 41% for the five years to 2013.
"Average temperatures were colder than normal [last month],
with most areas averaging 6-10 degrees colder than normal," USDA scouts in
'Desperate need of
In Nebraska, where temperatures were 6-9 degrees below
normal in February, winter wheat was rated 43% good or excellent, down three
points on a month before.
Crop condition, good + excellent, and (month on month change)
Kansas winter wheat: 34%, (-1 point)
Nebraska winter wheat: 46%, (-3 points)
Oklahoma canola: 20%, (-13 points)
Oklahoma oats: 27%, (-10 points)
Oklahoma winter wheat: 31%, (-5 points)
Texas oats: 36%, (-3 points)
Texas winter wheat: 5%, (-4 points)
And further south, deterioration was greater, given the
worse drought conditions, in part thanks to patchy snowfall which has left many
fields without sufficient cover to protect seedlings from frost.
In Oklahoma, of which 62% was in drought as of February 25, up
15 points week on week, the proportion of winter wheat rated good or excellent
fell five points during February to 31%.
"Producers in Roger Mills County were in desperate need of
precipitation," USDA scouts said, in a briefing entitled "drought conditions
"During the latter part of the month, high winds and
worsening drought conditions contributed the extreme fire danger and the
overall damage to crops and topsoil moisture.
Some canola - of which only 20% was rated good or excellent,
down from 33% at the end of January – "was lost to winter kill".
In Texas, of which 68% is in drought, up 10 points week on
week, the crop was rated 15 points good or excellent, down four points for the
And the condition data could yet decline further, given cold
temperatures this week which have closed schools, shut down Washington and forced
the cancellation of nearly 3,000 flights.
"The storm over last weekend failed to provide enough snow
as expected, thus leaving certain portions of the US Plains at risk of a cold
snap," Vanessa Tan at broker Phillip Futures said, adding that she was "bullish
on US wheat" prices.
In Minneapolis, Jonathan Watters at Benson Quinn Commodities
said that "southern Plains weather concerns are slowly building as we head
While a weekend storm bought 0.25-0.5 inches of snow "to a
significant portion of Kansas/Oklahoma, but the panhandle region was short-changed.
"Cold temperatures remain a significant concern, with temperatures
in central Kansas below zero on Monday morning."
Separately, Joseph Glauber – as chief economist at the US
Department of Agriculture, one of the most important figures in world farming –
also cautioned over of a "main concern" over the dearth of precipitation in the
"We still have a lot of dryness in the southern Plains," he
told a conference in Australia, adding that a continuation of the unusually
cold US weather could prove an issue too.
"We have had snow cover over a lot of the regions and to a
degree that has protected things, but the concern is that when you have a bit
of warm weather and wheat popping out of dormancy," he said.
"The persistence of winter has been a problem."