The UK wheat crop is a contender for setting a yield record,
although low protein is still marring a strong picture overall on quality, with
the spring barley crop potentially setting an all-time high too.
With the UK wheat harvest 30% complete, the yield is showing
at a level of 8.0-8.2 tonnes per hectare, Adas said, placing its first figure
on this year's result.
"Early yields are good with plenty of high yielding crops
reported," the consultancy said, adding that most crops are "yielding above the
In fact, the yield range so far is well above the UK average
of 7.7 tonnes per hectare, and within sight of the record 8.3 tonnes per
hectare set in 2008.
The second-best result was achieved in 1996, at 8.2 tonnes
per hectare, according to data from Defra, the UK farm ministry.
'Clean and bright'
"Yields range from 3.7 tonnes per hectare for crops on
poorly drained heavy land that sat wet over winter to above 13.0 tonnes per
hectare for early-established first wheats with good disease and weed control,"
And on most quality specifications, the crop is coming in
well too, with the UK weather, until the last week, going largely without the
harvest-time rains which have spoiled crops elsewhere in Europe.
"Samples to date are clean and bright, with good specific
weights and Hagberg numbers," the consultancy said, Hagberg being a measure of
the sprouting which has been a particular problem in France, as underlined
separately on Thursday by Strategie Grains, the Paris-based analysis group.
The UK crop's Hagberg number, coming in at 295 seconds,
within a range of 250-400 seconds, is well above the levels of 180 seconds or
seen in perhaps one-third of French wheat, according to trade estimates.
However, Adas restated that UK wheat protein levels, coming
in at 9.0-13.5%, with an average of 12%, remained depressed.
"In a good number of milling samples, grain protein is lower
The group also cautioned that its data excluded much wheat
harvested since weekend rains, which at one part of Cambridgeshire, in the UK's
eastern wheat belt, landed 106mm (4 inches) of rain on Friday alone.
The total area of grains harvested in the last week, at
320,000 hectares, was half that in the previous seven days.
'Yields are promising'
Adas also, in its first number for the UK spring barley
result, set the scene for what could be a record-yielding crop, coming in at
5.9-6.1 tonnes per hectare so far.
That is a figure more typically seen in winter barley, and is
well above the average result of 5.4 tonnes per hectare for spring crop.
"Yields to date are promising, and crops are yielding above
farm average," the group saiad if adding that the data includes "very little
barley from Scotland, and as a result there remains uncertainty over the final
The US Department of Agriculture on Tuesday, in monthly world crop data, nudged higher by 0.05 tonnes per hectare to 7.75 tonnes per hectare its forecast for the UK wheat yield this year, pegging the harvest at 15.4m tonnes.